PostSharpLoggingGetting Started with Post­Sharp Logging
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Getting Started with PostSharp Logging

When you're working with your codebase, it's common to need to add logging either as a non-functional requirement or simply to assist during the development process. In either situation, you will want to include information about the parameters passed to the method when it was called as well as the parameter values once the method call has completed. This can be a tedious and brittle process. As you work and refactor methods, the order and types of parameters may change, parameters may be added and some may be removed. Along with performing these refactorings, you have to remember to update the logging messages to keep them in sync. This is something that is easy to forget, and once forgotten, the output of the logging is much less useful.

Logging is one of the examples of a boilerplate code. Performing logging imperatively not only leads to the problems with refactoring mentioned above. It also makes your code harder to understand.

PostSharp offers a solution to all of these problems. PostSharp Logging allows you to configure where logging should be performed and takes over the task of keeping your log entries in sync as you add, remove and refactor your codebase. Using PostSharp Logging does not require changing your codebase allowing you to keep the production code clearly understandable with no boilerplate code.

Let's take a look at how you can add trace logging for the start and completion of method calls.

Step 1. Adding logging to your projects

To add logging to a specific project:

  1. Add a reference to the PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics package to your project.

  2. Create a source code file where you will add all project-wide aspects. We suggest naming this file GlobalAspects.cs.

    Add the following content to this file:

    using PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics;
    using PostSharp.Extensibility;
    [assembly: Log(AttributePriority = 1, AttributeTargetMemberAttributes = MulticastAttributes.Protected | MulticastAttributes.Internal | MulticastAttributes.Public)]
    [assembly: Log(AttributePriority = 2, AttributeExclude = true, AttributeTargetMembers = "get_*" )]

    This code adds logging to all methods except private methods and except property getters. You can edit this code to target methods relevant to your scenarios. See Adding Aspects to Code for details.

  3. If there are several, but not many, projects in your solution, repeat this procedure for each project. Note that you can share the GlobalAspects.cs file among several projects.

PostSharp will now add logging before and after the execution of all methods targeted by the logging aspect.

To add logging to all projects or a large number of projects:

  1. Add a reference to the PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics package to all projects where you want to use logging.

  2. Create a file named postsharp.config in a directory that contains all the projects where you want to use logging. These projects may be in subdirectories. See Configuring Projects Using postsharp.config.

  3. Add the following content to the postsharp.config file:

    <Project xmlns="">
        <When Condition="{has-plugin('PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics')}">
          <LogAttribute xmlns="clr-namespace:PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics;assembly:PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics" />

    That XML configuration file would add logging to all methods in all projects that have the PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics package. You can see more options at Adding Aspects Using XML.

PostSharp will now add logging before and after the execution of all methods targeted by the logging aspect.

The next step is to configure logging at run-time. You should at least determine using which logging framework should the records be written with. We call this concept the logging backend.

Step 2. Choose your logging framework

The role of PostSharp Logging is to generate logging records, but PostSharp itself does not intend to write these logs to files, databases, or network services. Several excellent open-source projects and commercial services already fulfill this role. In PostSharp terminology, the target logging framework is called the logging back-end. In order to see the logged records, you first need to choose and then configure a logging back-end.

PostSharp integrates with several logging frameworks right out of the box. You can choose from the following implementations:

Name Class Package
Microsoft Application Insights ApplicationInsightsLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.ApplicationInsights
Common.Logging CommonLoggingLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.CommonLogging
System.Console.WriteLine ConsoleLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics
ETW (System.Diagnostics.EventSource) EventSourceLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Tracing
Log4Net Log4NetLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Log4Net
Microsoft.Extensions.Logging MicrosoftLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Microsoft
NLog NLogLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.NLog
Serilog SerilogLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Serilog
System.Diagnostics.Trace TraceLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Tracing
System.Diagnostics.TraceSource TraceSourceLoggingBackend PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Tracing

Alternatively, you can easily implement a custom backend. See Building Your Own Logging Backend (Adapter) for details.

Step 3. Configure PostSharp logging at run-time

To configure logging:

  1. Identify the startup method of your solution. In a console application and an ASP.NET Core application, the startup method is usually named Program.Main. In a XAML application, this is the Startup event handler. In an ASP.NET application, this is the Application_Start method in the Global.asax source file.

  2. To the startup project, add a reference to the package containing the implementation of your logging backend, as listed in the table above.

  3. Import the PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics namespace in the startup file.

    using PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics;
  4. Add the following code on the top of the startup method:

    LoggingServices.DefaultBackend = new PostSharp.Patterns.Diagnostics.Backends.Console.ConsoleLoggingBackend();

    In the code snippet above, you can replace ConsoleLoggingBackend by any of the logging backends.

Step 4. Configure your logging framework.

Remember that PostSharp emits records to the logging framework of your choice. Some of these frameworks may need additional configuration. Please refer to the documentation of the logging framework for details.

You may also want PostSharp Logging to process the log records that your code already emits. This is documented in the article specific to your logging framework.

See Connecting to Source and Target Logging Frameworks for details.

Step 5. Instrumentation to ASP.NET and HttpClient (optional)

If you're using ASP.NET Core, the legacy ASP.NET or HttpClient, it's a good idea to add logging to these stacks as described in Instrumentation of ASP.NET and HttpClient.

This step is required in the following scenarios:

  • If you have a distributed application (most today are) and want to correlate the logs of a request whose execution spans several applications. See also Logging in a Distributed System.

  • If you want to configure per-request (or per-transaction) logging as described in the next step.

Step 6. Configure logging verbosity

By default, the logging verbosity is set to the maximal level and the volume of logs can too overwhelming to be useful.

We recommend that you set up low verbosity (for instance warning) by default and enable high verbosity when needed, possibly for specific requests, or for specific namespaces. It is possible to store the logging verbosity configuration in an XML file, store it in a cloud drive and configure PostSharp Logging to poll the file for changes every couple of minutes.

For more details, see Adjusting Logging Verbosity.


Now that you have added logging to your project method, you will get a super-detailed log of your program execution, including parameter values and return values. You are able to add, remove, or rename a method or its parameters with the confidence that your log entries will be kept in sync with each of those changes. Adding logging to your codebase and maintaining it becomes a very easy task.

See Also


Other Resources

Adding Aspects to Multiple Declarations Using Attributes